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Disciplines that Study the Human Factor in the Organization

According to Fernández Tuneu, the disciplines that take care of the human element in the organizations could be classified in the following way:

- Human relations or organizational behavior

- Industrial relations: trade union relations or trade union- employers, and, staff management.

- Public relations

Human Relations

Is also called social psychology in the workplace, industrial psychology, organizational behavior or staff management.

As we have seen, the Human Relations or Organizational Behavior are a systematic body of knowledge aimed to explain the behavior of the individual within his work environment.
Studies the relations which happen at work between the human beings and also between the workers and the social groups which are generated in the field of the organizational structures.
What is pursued is getting rid of or cushion the conflicts which normally appear in the social institution. It is also pursued an organizational development through a optimization of the management of the organization which appears due to the development of the individuals and the groups which are part of it.
It is a social science applied to the behavior of the individual in the organization.

Industrial Relations

Studies the management of the formal problems of the staff in the organization and is subdivided in two areas of study: trade union relations or trade union- employers, and, staff management.

- Trade union relations or trade union- employer's relations: studies the problems that come up between the Direction of the organization and the workers in general, as a group; for example collective agreements, trade union representation, internal discipline, suspensions, etc.

- Staff management: studies the problems that come up between the Direction of the organization and the workers in individual form; always in relation to the formal organization. For example it takes care of: recruitment, selection, induction, training, evaluation, etc.

Public Relations

Is the discipline that takes care of the external company relations, to the society as a whole, trying all the time to keep a positive institutional image in front of the rest of the community.

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